70th MP Platoon

The units of the 70th Infantry Division Special Troops were activated 15 July 1943 at Camp Adair, Oregon. They trained there for their combat missions for the next 12 months. During that period, the division was tasked to provide replacements for U.S. Army losses in Europe and the Far East. This required new replacements and retraining of some of the Special Troops units. In late July 1944 the division entrained for transfer to Fort Leonard Wood, MO, and resumed training there. The last of the replacements arrived in early October 1944. After the three infantry regiments embarked for Europe during the first week of December, an advance party from the Special Troops units sailed for Europe on 13 December 1944, landing in Marseilles on 23 December,  and moved to the  Task Force Herren operational area in Northeastern France.

The main body of Special Troops sailed for Europe on 8 January 1945, disembarked at Marseilles 18 January 1945 and moved by road and rail to Northeastern France; they joined the division elements already in place and on  17 February 1945, began combat operations as a division.

70th Military Police Platoon
The MPs were policemen, of course, and their job was to enforce the law, civilian and military. In combat the MPs' major duty was to keep traffic flowing smoothly. Often that meant going into action right after the riflemen so they could direct support troops to the proper areas. It took skilled traffic control and the MPs had the expertise. Many had served as civilian policemen and military training was so thorough that most continued in law enforcement after the war. MPs also handled POWs in small casual groups or in POW camps. They helped care for displaced persons, often running huge DP camps. The unit was awarded the Meritorious Unit Service Plaque.

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