The units of the 70th Infantry Division Special Troops
were activated 15 July 1943 at Camp Adair, Oregon. They trained
there for their combat missions for the next 12 months. During that
period, the division was tasked to provide replacements for U.S.
Army losses in Europe and the Far East. This required new
replacements and retraining of some of the Special Troops units. In
late July 1944 the division entrained for transfer to Fort Leonard
Wood, MO, and resumed training there. The last of the replacements
arrived in early October 1944. After the three infantry regiments
embarked for Europe during the first week of December, an advance
party from the Special Troops units sailed for Europe on 13 December
1944, landing in Marseilles on 23 December, and moved to the Task
Force Herren operational area in Northeastern France.
The main body of Special Troops sailed for Europe on 8 January 1945,
disembarked at Marseilles 18 January 1945 and moved by road and rail
to Northeastern France; they joined the division elements already in
place and on 17 February 1945, began combat operations as a
570th Signal Company
Responsible for establishment and operation of the division message
center and establishment and maintenance of communications from
division Hq to the regiments, separate battalions, companies and
platoons, to units while attached to the division and to adjacent
units as directed by higher Hq.
Communications are almost as vital to
fighting men as food. History recounts many a major battle where
failed communications led to defeat. Trailblazers fighting in the
Vosges were gravely handicapped by the brooding mountains that
simply swallowed radio transmissions. When the radios failed, field
telephones were used.
The 570th was responsible for maintaining the
communications network. The field phones required lines to work and
the 570th had to ensure that the lines were working at all times.
That meant repairs at any time, anywhere...even under fire!
The Signal Company also handled the Division
Message Center. The center handled some 1500 messages-phone, radio,
or written-per day!